Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have been an integral part of higher education in the United States since their inception in the 19th century. These institutions were created to provide African American students with the opportunity to receive a college education in a segregated society that excluded them from predominantly white colleges and universities. HBCUs continue offer a unique educational experience that embraces the culture, history, and traditions of the Black community. Today, there are over 100 HBCUs in the United States, and they continue to provide important opportunities for students of color. Let’s take a closer look at HBCUs by state.
Alabama is home to 15 HBCUs, including Alabama A&M University in Huntsville and Tuskegee University in Tuskegee. Alabama State University in Montgomery is another prominent HBCU in the state.
- Alabama A&M University, Huntsville
- Alabama State University, Montgomery
- Bishop State Community College, Mobile
- Gadsden State College, Gadsden
- J.F. Drake State Technical College, Huntsville
- Lawson State Community College, Birmingham
- Miles College, Fairfield
- Oakwood University, Huntsville
- Selma University, Selma
- Shelton State Community College, Tuscaloosa
- Stillman College, Tuscaloosa
- Talladega College, Talladega
- Tuskegee University, Tuskegee
- H. Councill Trenholm State Community College, Montgomery
Arkansas has four HBCUs, including the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, which offers over 30 undergraduate and graduate programs. Philander Smith College and Shorter College, both located in Little Rock.
- University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Pine Bluff
- Arkansas Baptist College, Little Rock
- Philander Smith College, Little Rock
- Shorter College, North Little Rock
Delaware’s only HBCU is Delaware State University in Dover, which offers a variety of undergraduate and graduate programs, including nursing and aviation science. This university is known for its strong commitment to diversity and inclusion.
The District of Columbia is home to two HBCUs: Howard University and the University of the District of Columbia. Howard University is one of the most well-known HBCUs in the country and offers over 120 undergraduate and graduate programs.
Florida has four HBCUs, including Florida A&M University in Tallahassee and Bethune Cookman University in Daytona Beach.
- Bethune Cookman University, Daytona Beach
- Edward Waters University, Jacksonville
- Florida A&M University, Tallahassee
- Florida Memorial University, Miami Gardens
Georgia has 12 HBCUs, including Morehouse College in Atlanta and Savannah State University in Savannah.
- Albany State University, Albany
- Carver College, Atlanta
- Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta
- Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley
- Interdenominational Theological Center, Atlanta
- Johnson C Smith Theological Seminary, Atlanta
- Morehouse College, Atlanta
- Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta
- Morris Brown College, Atlanta
- Paine College, Augusta
- Savannah State University, Savannah
- Spelman College, Atlanta
Kentucky has two HBCUs: Kentucky State University in Frankfort and Simmons College of Kentucky in Louisville.
Louisiana has six HBCUs, including Dillard University and Xavier University in New Orleans.
- Dillard University, New Orleans
- Grambling State University, Grambling
- Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge
- Southern University New Orleans, New Orleans
- Southern University-Shreveport, Shreveport
- Xavier University, New Orleans
Maryland has four HBCUs, including Morgan State University in Baltimore and Bowie State University in Bowie.
- Bowie State University, Bowie
- Coppin State University, Baltimore
- University of Maryland, Eastern Shore, Princess Anne
- Morgan State University, Baltimore
Michigan has one HBCU, Lewis College of Business in Detroit, which closed in 2013 recently reopened as Pensole Lewis College of Business and Design.
Mississippi has seven HBCUs, including Alcorn State University in Lorman and Jackson State University in Jackson.
- Alcorn State University, Lorman
- Coahoma Community College, Clarksdale
- Hinds County Community College, Utica
- Jackson State University, Jackson
- Mississippi Valley State University, Itta Bena
- Rust College, Holly Springs
- Tougaloo College, Tougaloo
Missouri has two HBCUs: Harris-Stowe State University in St. Louis and Lincoln University in Jefferson City.
North Carolina has 12 HBCUs, including North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro and Winston-Salem State University in Winston Salem. These universities offer a range of degree programs and provide students with a supportive community.
- Barber-Scotia College, Concord (closed)
- Bennett College, Greensboro
- Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City
- Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville
- Hood Theological Seminary, Salisbury
- Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte
- Livingstone College, Salisbury
- North Carolina Central University, Durham
- North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro
- Shaw University, Raleigh
- St. Augustine’s University, Raleigh
- Winston-Salem State University, Winston
Ohio has three HBCUs: Central State University and Wilberforce University, both in Wilberforce, and Payne Theological Seminary in Wilberforce.
Oklahoma has one HBCU, Langston University in Langston, which offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields.
Pennsylvania has two HBCUs: Cheyney University in Cheyney and The Lincoln University in Lincoln University.
South Carolina has eight HBCUs, including Allen University in Columbia and Claflin University in Orangeburg. These universities offer a range of degree programs and provide students with a supportive community.
Tennessee has six HBCUs, including Fisk University in Nashville and LeMoyne-Owen College in Memphis.
- American Baptist University- Nashville
- Fisk University- Nashville
- Knoxville College**- Knoxville
- Lane College- Jackson
- LeMoyne Owen College- Memphis
- Meharry Medical College
- Tennessee State University- Nashville
Texas has nine HBCUs, including Prairie View A&M University in Prairie View and Texas Southern University in Houston.
- Huston-Tillotson University- Austin
- Jarvis Christian College- Hawkins
- Paul Quinn College- Dallas
- Prairie View A&M University- Prairie View
- Southwestern Christian College- Terrell
- St. Philip’s College- San Antonio
- Texas College- Tyler
- Texas Southern University- Houston
- Wiley College- Marshall
The US Virgin Islands has one HBCU: the University of the Virgin Islands in St. Thomas and St. Croix. This university offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields.
Virginia has six HBCUs, including Hampton University in Hampton and Virginia State University in Petersburg. These universities offer a range of degree programs and provide students with a supportive community.
- Hampton University- Hampton
- Norfolk State University- Norfolk
- Saint Paul’s College- Lawrenceville (closed 2013)
- Virginia State University- Petersburg
- Virginia Union University- Richmond
- Virginia University of Lynchburg- Lynchburg
West Virginia has two HBCUs: Bluefield State College in Bluefield and West Virginia State University in Institute.
HBCUs continue to play a crucial role in providing quality education to students of color. With over 100 institutions spread across the country, HBCUs offer a diverse range of degree programs and provide students with a supportive community that is often lacking at other institutions. While there are many challenges to overcome, HBCUs continue to play a crucial role in providing quality education to students of color.